European Court of Human Rights, Judgment of 6 October 2022, Liu v. Poland,
Appl. no. 37610/18
The present judgement acknowledges the breach of Articles 3 and 5 ECHR vis-à-vis an applicant facing extradition proceedings in Poland. From its wording, it can be inferred that a general situation of violence is deemed to exist in China and that individuals can face a risk of torture of ill-treatment should they be transferred to that country. Also, the ECtHR takes the opportunity to uphold its settled case-law on the ‘due diligence’ that is required of national authorities aiming at detaining individuals for the purpose of extradition.