At the end of April 2022, Fabrice Leggeri resigned from his role as Executive Director of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, which he led since its creation in 2015. During his mandate, Leggeri was often criticised for Frontex’s involvement in fundamental rights violations at European external borders. Thus, his resignation was enthusiastically welcomed by human rights activists and left-wing politicians in the EU Parliament. However, Leggeri’s resignation raises a fundamental issue: that of the confusion surrounding Frontex’s mandate. This blog post analyses the allegations leading to Leggeri’s resignation, while aiming at clarifying the content of the Agency’s mandate. In addition, the post puts forth some prospects for the Agency’s future, problematizing European attitudes towards border control.