In line with international and regional refugee law, the Italian Legislative Decree No. 251/2007 foresees the possibility of stateless persons being beneficiaries of international protection. While the formal determination of statelessness pertains to the existing statelessness determination procedures, it is paramount that stateless/at risk of statelessness asylum applicants be promptly identified in the context of the asylum procedure. This piece focuses on the identification of stateless persons in the Italian asylum system and presents some preliminary results of my ongoing PhD research. Drawing on a review of primary and secondary sources, as well as questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with asylum authorities, lawyers, staff of UNHCR and national NGOs, it argues that stateless persons who apply for international protection in Italy too often remain unidentified. The contribution examines some of the obstacles to their identification and discusses possible avenues for improvement.